Oklahoma State University
Human Development and Family Science
Robert E. Larzelere

Robert Larzelere

Professor, Research Methodologist
Parenting and Methodology Research


Area: Research methodology and statistics

220 Human Sciences
Stillwater OK 74078
 
Phone: 405-744-2053
Fax: 405-744-6344
robert.larzelere@okstate.edu

  • Profile
  • Publications
  • Research

Educational Background:

Degree Institution Area of Study
Ph.D. Pennsylvania State Univ. Human Development and Family Studies
M.S. Georgia Institute of Tech. Psychology
B.A. Wabash College Psychology

Course(s) Taught:

Advanced Stats for HDFS HDFS  6153

Professional Memberships:

  • American Psychological Society
  • Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy -
  • American Psychological Association
  • Society for Research in Child Development
  • National Council on Family Relations

Research Statement:

I am interested in collaborating with others who are concerned about the best scientific evidence on important questions about family and family-type relationships. Making progress on that huge goal has led me to emphasize improving research methodology and research on parental discipline in my research program and mentoring. I investigate specific disciplinary processes that account for the effectiveness of the authoritative parenting combination of warmth, communication, just-firm-enough control and increasing autonomy. I am interested in comparing the effectiveness of alternative disciplinary responses to misbehavior and searching for alternative tactics that are more effective than non-abusive spanking in situations where the latter has traditionally been used. In terms of research methodology, my research involves discriminating between and enhancing causal evidence from non-randomized research designs. I am interested in helping colleagues and students with statistical and methodological aspects of their research.

Research Areas:

  • Suicide risk in pre-adolescents ( 6 to 12 years)
  • Causal inferences from longitudinal data
  • Parental discipline

Grants:

  • Larzelere, R.E. (2004-2006). Antisocial Growth and Parenting: Bidirectional Linkages. National Institute for Child Health and Human Development. $147,000.
  • Evans, J.H. (2001-2007). Interdisciplinary behavioral health training. Health Resources and Services Administration. $650,000.
  • Reay, D. (2002-2004). Doing GREAT: Graduating with Resources, Education, Awareness, and Training to high school students in assisting children with developmental disabilities. Administration on Developmental Disabilities. $200,000.
  • Larzelere, R. E. (1992-1997). Effects of group therapy for sexually abused adolescents. Research proposal funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, $368,000.

Resources:

Corporal Punishment of Children (Spanking)
Pediatrics Article on Physical Punishment Shows How Parenting Experts Can Misinform Parents about Parental Discipline

Publications:

Professional Journals: Submitted (1)

Larzelere, R. E., & Cox, R. B., Jr. (revision requested). Making valid causal inferences about corrective actions by parents from longitudinal data. Journal of Family Theory & Review.

Professional Journals: Peer-Reviewed (46 publications)

Burr, B. K., Hubler, D. S., Larzelere, R. E., & Garndner, B. C. (in press). Applying the actor-partner interdependence model to micro-level analyses of marital partner affect while discussing a problematic issue. Marriage and Family Review.

Schwerdtfeger, K. L., Larzelere, R. E., Werner, D., Peters, C., & Oliver, M. (in press). Intergenerational transmission of trauma: The mediating role of parenting styles on toddlers' DSM-related symptoms. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma.

Cox, R. B., Jr., Danelia, K., Larzelere, R. E., & Blow, A. J. (2012). Do peers and perceived risk mediate the association of religiosity with the likelihood and extent of recent substance use among Venezuelan youth? International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 1(1), 15-31. doi: 10.1037/a0026832

Larzelere, R. E., Cox, R. B., Jr., & Smith, G. L. (2010). Do nonphysical punishments reduce antisocial behavior more than spanking? A comparison using the strongest previous causal evidence against spanking. BMC Pediatrics. 10 (10) Online publication. doi:1186/1471-2431-10-10

Larzelere, R. E., Ferrer, E., Kuhn, B. R., & Danelia, K. (2010). Differences in causal estimates from longitudinal analyses of residualized versus simple gain scores: Contrasting controls for selection and regression artifacts. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 34, 180-189.

Baumrind, D., Larzelere, R. E., & Owens, E. (2010). Effect of preschool parents' power assertive patterns and practices on adolescent development. Parenting: Science and Practice, 10, 157-201. doi: 10.1080/15295190903290790

Hancer, M., Larzelere, R. E., & Njite, D. (2008). Initial reliability of a Turkish version of the Dyadic Trust Scale. Psychological Reports, 103, 917-920.

Jackson, B., Larzelere, R., St.Clair, L., Corr, M., Fichter, C., & Egertson, H. (2006). The impact of HeadsUp! Reading on early childhood educators' literacy practices and preschool children's literacy skills. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 21, 213-226.

Polaha, J., Larzelere, R. E., Shapiro, S. K., & Pettit, G. S. (2004). Physical discipline and child behavior problems: A study of ethnic group differences. Parenting: Science and Practice, 4, 339-360.

Larzelere, R. E., Andersen, J. J., Ringle, J. L., & Jorgensen, D. D. (2004). The Child Suicide Risk Assessment: A screening measure of suicide risk in pre-adolescents. Death Studies, 28, 809-827.

Larzelere, R. E., Daly, D. L., Davis, J. L., Chmelka, M. B., & Handwerk, M. L. (2004). Outcome evaluation of Girls and Boys Town's Family Home Program. Education & Treatment of Children, 27, 130-149.

Larzelere, R. E., Kuhn, B. R., & Johnson, B. (2004). The intervention selection bias: An under-recognized confound in intervention research. Psychological Bulletin, 130, 289-303. (Reprinted in W. P. Vogt (Ed.). (2008). Selecting research methods. London: Sage.)

Allen, K. D., Hutfless, S., & Larzelere, R. (2003). Evaluation of two predictors of child disruptive behavior during restorative dental treatment. Journal of Dentistry for Children, 70, 221-225.

McCurdy, F. A., Sell, D. M., Beck, G. L., Kerber, K., Larzelere, R. E., & Evans, J. H. (2003). A comparison of clinical pediatric patient encounters in university medical centers and community private practice settings. Ambulatory Pediatrics, 3 (1), 12-15.

Allen, K. D., Kotil, D., Larzelere, R. E., Hutfless, S., & Beiraghi, S. (2002). Comparison of a computerized anesthesia device with a traditional syringe in preschool children. Pediatric Dentistry, 24, 315-320.

Larzelere, R. E., Dinges, K., Schmidt, M. D., Spellman, D. F., Criste, T. R., & Connell, P. (2001). Outcomes of residential treatment: A study of the adolescent clients of Girls and Boys Town. Child & Youth Care Forum, 30 (3), 175-185.

Teare, J. F., Becker-Wilson, C. Y., & Larzelere, R. E. (2001). Identifying risk factors for disrupted family reunifications following short-term shelter care. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 9 (2), 116-122.

Friman, P. C., Handwerk, M. L., Smith, G. L., Larzelere, R. E., Lucas, C. P., & Shaffer, D. M. (2000). External validity of conduct and oppositional defiant disorders determined by the NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28 (3), 277-286.

Larzelere, R. E., & Johnson, B. (1999). Evaluation of the effects of Sweden's spanking ban on physical child abuse rates: A literature review. Psychological Reports, 85, 381-392.

Teare, J. F., Larzelere, R. E., Smith, G. L., Becker, C. Y., Castrianno, L. M., & Peterson, R. W. (1999). Placement stability following short-term residential care. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 8, 59-69.

Handwerk, M. L., Larzelere, R. E., Soper, S. H., & Friman, P. C. (1999). Parent and child discrepancies in reporting severity of problem behaviors in three out-of-home settings. Psychological Assessment, 11, 14-23.

Handwerk, M. L., Larzelere, R. E., Friman, P. C., & Mitchell, A. M. (1998).The relationship between lethality of attempted suicide and prior suicidal communications in a sample of residential youth. Journal of Adolescence, 21, 407-414.

Larzelere, R. E., Sather, P. R., Schneider, W. N., Larson, D. B., & Pike, P. L. (1998). Punishment enhances reasoning's effectiveness as a disciplinary response to toddlers. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 60(2), 388-403.

Larzelere, R. E., Silver, C., & Polite, K. (1997). Nonabusive spanking: Parental liberty or child abuse? Children's Legal Rights Journal, 17 (4), 7-17.

Friman, P. C., Jones, M., Smith, G., Daly, D. L., & Larzelere, R. (1997). Decreasing disruptive behavior by adolescent boys in residential care by increasing their positive to negative interactional ratios. Behavior Modification, 21, 470-486.

Friman, P. C., Osgood, D. W., Smith, G., Shanahan, D., Thompson, R. W., Larzelere, R., & Daly, D. L. (1996). A longitudinal evaluation of prevalent negative beliefs about residential placement for troubled adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 299-324.

Larzelere, R. E., Smith, G. L., Batenhorst, L. M., & Kelly, D. B. (1996). Predictive validity of the Suicide Probability Scale among adolescents in a group home treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 166-172.

Larzelere, R. E., Schneider, W. N., Larson, D. B., & Pike, P. L. (1996). The effects of discipline responses in delaying toddler misbehavior recurrences. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 18, 35-57.

Sinclair, J. J., Larzelere, R. E., Paine, M., Jones, P., Graham, K., & Jones, M. (1995). Treatment outcome of group therapy for sexually abused adolescent females living in a group home setting. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 10, 533-542.

Friman, P. C., Larzelere, R., & Finney, J. W. (1994). Exploring the relationship between thumb-sucking and psychopathology. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 19, 431-441.

Larzelere, R. E., & Merenda, J. A. (1994). The effectiveness of parental discipline for toddler misbehavior at different levels of child distress.  Family Relations, 43, 480-488.

Moore, K. J., Osgood, D. W., Larzelere, R. E., & Chamberlain, P. (1994). Pooled time-series: Its use in the evaluation of naturally occurring clinical events on problem behavior in a foster care setting. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 718-728.

Friman, P. C., Evans, J., Larzelere, R., Williams, G., & Daly, D. L. (1993). Correspondence between child dysfunction and program intrusion: Evidence of a continuum of care across five child mental health programs. Journal of Community Psychology, 21, 227-233.

Friman, P. C., Allen, K. D., Kerwin, M. L., & Larzelere, R. (1993). Changes in modern psychology: A citation analysis of the Kuhnian displacement thesis. American Psychologist, 48, 658-664.

Larzelere, R. E., Amberson, T. G., & Martin, J. A. (1992). Age differences in perceived discipline problems from 9 to 48 months.  Family Relations, 41(2), 192-199.

Larzelere, R. E., & Patterson, G. R. (1990). Parental management: Mediator of the effect of socioeconomic status on early delinquency. Criminology, 28, 301-324.

Larzelere, R. E., Martin, J. A., & Amberson, T. G. (1989). The Toddler Behavior Checklist: A parent-completed assessment of social-emotional characteristics of young preschoolers. Family Relations, 38, 418-425.

Larzelere, R. E., Klein, M., Schumm, W. R., & Alibrando, S. A., Jr. (1989). The effects of spanking and other parenting characteristics on self-esteem and perceived fairness of parental discipline. Psychological Reports, 64, 1140-1142.

Larzelere, R. E. (1986). Moderate spanking: Model or deterrent of children's aggression in the family? Journal of Family Violence, 1, 27-36.

Larzelere, R. E., & Skeen, J. H. (1984). The method of multiple hypotheses: A neglected research strategy in family studies. Journal of Family Issues, 5, 474-492.

Larzelere, R. E. (1984). Dyadic trust and generalized trust of secular- vs. christian-college students. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 12, 119-124.

Ostrom, R. M., Larzelere, R. E., & Reed, S. K. (1982). The views of selected evangelical Christians on sex education. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 1(4), 17-22.

Larzelere, R. E., & Huston, T. L. (1980). The Dyadic Trust Scale: Toward understanding interpersonal trust in close relationships. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 42, 595-604.

Larzelere, R. E. (1980). The task ahead: Six levels of integration of Christianity and psychology. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 8, 3-11. (Reprinted in J. R. Fleck & J. D. Carter (Eds.). (1981). Psychology and Christianity: Integrative readings (pp. 54-65). Nashville: Abingdon. Reprinted in D. H. Stevenson, B. E. Eck, & P. C. Hill (Eds.). ( 2007). Psychology Christianity integration: Seminal works that shaped the movement (pp. 180-186). Batavia, IL: Christian Association for Psychological Studies.

Spanier, G. B., Sauer, W., & Larzelere, R. E. (1979). An empirical evaluation of the family life cycle. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 41, 27-38.

Larzelere, R. E., & Mulaik, S. A. (1977). Single-sample tests for many correlations. Psychological Bulletin, 84, 557-569.

Professional Journals: Invited and Accepted (10 publications)

Larzelere, R. E., & Baumrind, D. (2010). Are spanking injunctions scientifically supported? Law & Contemporary Problems, 73, 57-88. http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/lcp/vol73/iss2/4/

Larzelere, R. E. (2010). Ein Klaps kann eine angemessene Disziplinierungsmabnahme sein [Interview about corporal punishment and child maltreatment]. Verhaltenstherapie [Behavior Therapy]. 20, 62-64.

Larzelere, R. E., & Kuhn, B. R. (2005). Comparing child outcomes of physical punishment and alternative disciplinary tactics: A meta-analysis. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 8, 1-37.

Larzelere, R. E., & Kuhn, B. R. (2005). Enhancing behavioral parent training with an extended discipline ladder. The Behavior Therapist, 28, 105-108.

Baumrind, D., Larzelere, R. E., & Cowan, P. A. (2002). Ordinary physical punishment: Is it harmful? Comment on Gershoff (2002). Psychological Bulletin, 128, 580-589. (reprinted in D. Del Campo & R. Del Campo (Eds.) (2005-2007) . Taking sides: Clashing views in childhood and society (6th & 7th eds.) New York: McGraw-Hill)

Larzelere, R. E. (2000). Child outcomes of non-abusive and customary physical punishment by parents: An updated literature review. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 3 (4), 199-221.

Larzelere, R. E. (1998). Effective vs. counterproductive parental spanking: Toward more light and less heat. Marriage and Family, 1, 179-192.

Larzelere, R. E. (1996). A review of the outcomes of parental use of nonabusive or customary physical punishment. Pediatrics, 98, 824-831. [I was one of seven invited presenters at a scientific consensus conference on the Short- and Long-Term Effects of Corporal Punishment, co-sponsored by the American Academy of Pediatrics]

Larzelere, R. E. (1996). [Personal statement]. Pediatrics, 98, 858-859.

Larzelere, R. E. (1993). Response to Oosterhuis: Empirically justified uses of spanking: Toward a discriminating view of corporal punishment. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 21, 142-147.

Books, Book Chapters, and Magazine Articles (18 publications)

Larzelere, R. E., Morris, A. S., & Harrist, A. W. (Eds.). (in press, 2013). Authoritative parenting: Synthesizing nurturance and discipline for optimal child development. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.

Larzelere, R. E., & Cox, R. B., Jr., & Mandara, J. (in press, 2013). Responding to misbehavior in young children: How authoritative parents enhance reasoning with firm control. In Larzelere, R. E., Morris, A. S., & Harrist, A. W. (Eds.). Authoritative parenting: Synthesizing nurturance and discipline for optimal child development. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.

Criss, M. M., & Larzelere, R. E. (in press, 2013). Introduction. In Larzelere, R. E., Morris, A. S., & Harrist, A. W. (Eds.). Authoritative parenting: Synthesizing nurturance and discipline for optimal child development. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.

Ringle, J. L.., & Larzelere, R. E. (2012). The Child Suicide Risk Assessment. In A. Shrivastava  & D. Lester (Eds.), Suicide from a global perspective (pp. 61-66). Hauppaauge, NY: Nova Science.

Larzelere, R. E., & Danelia, K. (2010). Regression artifacts. In N. J. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of research design (Vol. 3, pp. 1228-1230). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Larzelere, R. E. (2009, November 19). Should spanking be illegal? No. Psychology Today Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/200911/head-head-hit-or-not-hit)

Larzelere, R. E. (2007). NZ's law most extreme in the world. Investigate, 7 (79), 22.

Powers, S., & Larzelere, R. (2005). Behavioral theory and corporal punishment. In M. Donnelly & M. A. Straus (Eds.), Corporal punishment of children in theoretical perspective (pp. 91-102). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Larzelere, R. E., & Kuhn, B. R. (2003). Discipline. In J. J. Ponzetti (Ed.), International encyclopedia of marriage and family (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 462-469). New York: Macmillan Reference USA.

Larzelere, R. E. (2001). Combining love and limits in authoritative parenting. In J. C. Westman (Ed.), Parenthood in America (pp. 81-89). Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

Larzelere, R. E. (2001). Sweden: Data does not support success claims. Families First (Issue 2), 12-15. (Earlier version available at http://people.biola.edu/faculty/paulp/). (Updated and reprinted in 2004 as Sweden's smacking ban: More harm than good. Frinton on Sea, Essex, UK: Families First)

O'Brien, C., Ringle, J., & Larzelere, R. (2001). Serving youths by modifying treatment: Girls and Boys Town approach uses ongoing outcome measures. Behavioral Healthcare Tomorrow, 10 (4), 19-21.

Larzelere, R. E., Dinges, K., Daly, D. L., Criste, T. R. (1999). Outcome evaluations of children following out-of-home placement. In Contributions to residential treatment 1999 (pp. 27-34). Washington, DC: American Association of Children's Residential Centers.

Larzelere, R. E., & Schmidt, M. D. (1998). Using during-treatment data for treatment planning. Caring, 14 (3), 12-13.

Larzelere, R. E. (1995). Discipline. In D. Levinson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of marriage and the family (pp. 172-177). New York: Macmillan.

Larzelere, R. E. (1994). Should the use of corporal punishment by parents be considered child abuse? No. In M. A. Mason & E. Gambrill (Eds.), Debating children's lives: Current controversies on children and adolescents (pp. 204-209, 217-218). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Larzelere, R. E., & Klein, D. M. (1987). Methodology. In M. B. Sussman & S. K. Steinmetz (Eds.), Handbook of marriage and the family (pp. 125-155). New York: Plenum Press.

Lewis, R. A., & Larzelere, R. E. (1980). Some correlates of marital trust. In J. Trost (Eds.), The family in change. Vasteras, Sweden: International Library.

Conference Proceedings and Reports (6 publications)

Larzelere, R. E. (2005, March). Children and violence in the family: Scientific contributions. (a submission to the UN Global Study on Children and Violence, on behalf of the American College of Pediatricians).

Larzelere, R. E., Chmelka, M. B., Schmidt, M. D., & Jones, M. (2002). The Treatment Progress Checklist: Psychometric development of a daily symptom checklist. In C. C. Newman, C. J. Liberton, K. Kutash, & R. M. Friedman (Eds.),  A system of care for children's mental health: Expanding the research base:  14th annual proceedings (pp. 359-362). Tampa, FL: Research and Training Center for Children's Mental Health, University of South Florida.

Larzelere, R. E., Smith, G. L., Jorgensen, D. D., Daly, D. L., & Handwerk, M. L. (2001). A prognosis index for group home residential programs. In C. C. Newman, C. J. Liberton, K. Kutash, & R. M. Friedman (Eds.), 13th annual proceedings: A system of care for children's mental health (pp. 354-362), Tampa, FL: Florida Mental Health Institute, University of South Florida.

Jones, M., Larzelere, R. E., Smith, G. L., & Chmelka, M. B. (2000). Multiple uses of daily data: From treatment planning to program outcomes. In C. J. Liberton, C. Newman, K. Kutash, & R. M. Friedman (Eds.), 12th annual research conference proceedings: A system of care for children's mental health (pp. 89-92), Tampa, FL: Florida Mental Health Institute, University of South Florida.

Larzelere, R. E., Criste, T., Schmidt, M. D., Daly, D. L., Dinges, K., Spellman, D., Smith, G. L., & Coughlin, D. (1999). A comprehensive evaluation plan for an intensive residential treatment center. In J. Willis, C. Liberton, K. Kutash, & R. M. Friedman (Eds.), 11th annual research conference proceedings: A system of care for children's mental health (pp. 363-368). Tampa, FL: Florida Mental Health Institute, University of South Florida.

Larzelere, R. E. (1976). Reaction to Gorsuch's “Religion as a major predictor of significant human behavior.” In W. J. Donaldson (Ed.), Research in mental health and religious behavior. Atlanta: Psychological Studies Institute.

Selected Letters in Professional Journals (9 publications)

Trumbull, D. A., Larzelere, R. E., & Nieman, P. (2012). Harsh physical punishment and disciplinary spanking are very different [eLetter]. Pediatrics. Reply to Afifi et al. (2012). Pediatrics, 130 (2), 184-192.

Larzelere, R. E. (2008). Disciplinary spanking: The scientific evidence [correspondence]. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 29, 334.

Larzelere, R. E. (2004). Scientific evidence on smacking. BMJ: British Medical Journal (eletter at http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/eletters/329/7476/1195).

Larzelere, R. E. (2001, May). We need the full picture on both smacking and vaccinations [Letter to the editor]. Archives of Diseases in Childhood, 84, 450. http://adc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/84/5/450e

Friman, P. C., Allen, K. D., Kerwin, M. L. E., & Larzelere, R. E. (2000). Questionable validity, not vitality [Letter to the editor]. American Psychologist, 55 (2), 274-275.

Larzelere, R. E. (2000). Weak evidence for a smacking ban [Letter to the editor]. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 320, 1538-1539. (2)

Handwerk, M. L., Friman, P. C., & Larzelere, R. E. (2000). Comparing the DISC and the youth self-report [Letter to the editor]. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39 (7), 807-808. (3)

Larzelere, R. E. (1999). To spank or not to spank [Letter to the editor]. Pediatrics, 103, 696-697.

Larzelere, R. E., Baumrind, D., & Polite, K. (1998). Two emerging perspectives of parental spanking from two 1996 conferences [Letter to the editor]. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 152, 303-305. (3)

Reviews of Books or Articles (2 publications )

Larzelere, R. E. (1999). [Review of G. W. Holden (1997), Parents and the dynamics of child rearing. Boulder, CO: Westview Press]. Family Relations, 48 (3), 339.

Larzelere, R. E. (1999). Angry, impulsive spankings bring worse outcome [Summary and critique of M. A. Straus & V. E. Mouradian (1998). Impulsive corporal punishment by mothers and antisocial behavior and impulsiveness of children. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 16, 353-374.]. Forensic Echo, 3(2), 14.

Other Publications of Students using Statistical Methods from my Courses in Structural Equation Modeling and Multilevel Modeling

Hathcoat, J.D. & Barnes, L.L.B. (2010).  Explaining the relationship among fundamentalism and authoritarianism: An epistemic connection.  International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 20(2), 73-84.

Hathcoat, J. D., & Shreffler, K. (in press). Journal of Marriage and Family.

Aluri, A. J. (in press). Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology.